The association between maternal and paternal substance use and child substance use, internalising and externalising problems: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

Ruth McGovern*, P. Bogowicz, N. Meader, E. Kaner, H. Alderson, D. Craig, E. Geijer‐Simpson, K. Jackson, C. Muir, D. Salonen, Debbie Smart, J. J. Newham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background and aim
There is substantial evidence showing an association between parental substance use and child substance use and/or mental health problems. Most research focuses upon maternal substance use, with the influence of fathers who use substance often being overlooked. We aimed to investigate the differential effects of maternal and paternal substance use upon children aged 0-18 years.

Method
We used systematic review methods to identify observational studies examining the association between either maternal or paternal substance use and child substance use and/or mental health problems. The odds ratio (OR) effect measure was used, for ease of computation. We used a random effects model with the inverse variance method to meta-analyse the findings from eligible studies.

Findings
We included 17 unique studies with a total of 47,374 child participants. Maternal and paternal substance use were both associated with increased odds of child any drug use (OR=2.09; 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.53, 2.86]; n=12,349 participants; three studies, and OR=2.86; 95% CI [1.25, 6.54]; n=5,692 participants; three studies, respectively), child alcohol problem use (OR=2.16; 95% CI [1.73, 2.71]; n=7,339 participants; four studies, and OR=1.70; 95% CI [1.36, 2.12]; n=14,219 participants; six studies), child externalising problems (OR=1.81; 95% CI [1.01, 3.22]; n=1,748 participants; three studies, and OR=1.60; 95% CI [1.18, 2.17]; n=2,508 participants; six studies), and child internalising problems (OR=1.60; 95% CI [1.25, 2.06]; n=1,748 participants; three studies, and OR=1.42; 95% CI [1.12, 1.81]; n=2,248 participants; five studies). Child any alcohol use was associated with maternal substance use only (OR=2.26; 95% CI [1.08, 4.70]; n=28,691 participants; five studies).

Conclusion
Both maternal and paternal substance use are associated with child substance use and mental health problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804-818
Number of pages15
JournalAddiction
Volume118
Issue number5
Early online date6 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The association between maternal and paternal substance use and child substance use, internalising and externalising problems: a systematic review and meta‐analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this