The association between the social and communication elements of autism, and repetitive/restrictive behaviours and activities: A review of the literature

Renate Kuenssberg, Karen McKenzie, Jill Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Research continues to try and pinpoint the etiological role of particular genes and brain structure in autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), but despite a host of biological, genetic and neuropsychological research, the symptom profile of pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) are not yet linked to etiological theory. Debate continues around whether or not there is one single dimension that incorporates the three criteria domains of social difficulties, communication deficits and repetitive or restrictive interests and behaviours as a unitary 'ASD' concept, or whether PDD as they are currently described represent the co-occurrence of separate sub-domains of developmental difficulties. Although the three criteria need to be met for a diagnosis of PDD to be made, the association between them remains unclear. This review highlights that the majority of the literature that looks at the triad of impairments suggests the symptom structure does not match that proposed by diagnostic manuals, and that the triad may no longer fit as the best way to conceptualize ASD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2183-2192
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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