The bodyweight walking distance product and its relationship with clinical markers in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease

Fernando da Silva Santanna, Paolo M. Cunha, Renan Massena Costa, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Nelson Wolosker, Simone Dal Corso, Hélcio Kanegusuku, Breno Quintella Farah, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Marilia de Almeida Correia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose

The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is extensively employed to evaluate gait impairment in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) and has been associated with different health outcomes. However, various approaches exist for calculating and interpreting the six-minute test in order to address the needs of patients more effectively. Therefore, we investigated how these different approaches correlate with functional capacity and cardiovascular health in patients with symptomatic PAD.

Methods

In total, 227 PAD patients [65.2% men and 67 (13) y.o.] were included in this cross-sectional study. The 6MWT was performed along a 30-meter corridor and the distance was expressed in three ways: absolute (described as the meters walked during the test), relativized (based on the results of the 6MWT in healthy individuals), and DW (multiplying the body weight in kilograms by the absolute distance in the 6MWT). A functional capacity z-score was calculated using the results of the handgrip strength test, 4-meter walking test, and sit-and-stand test. A cardiovascular parameter z-score was calculated with data on brachial and central blood pressure, the low-frequency component/high-frequency component ratio, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.

Results

The absolute (b = 0.30, 95%CI: 18-0.43, R² = 0.11, p < 0.001) and DW (b = 0.40, 95%CI: 27-0.53, R² = 0.17, p < 0.001) measures were related to functional capacity, independently of sex, age, and the ankle-arm index of the patients. Neither absolute nor DW were related to cardiovascular health. The relativized measure was not associated with either functional capacity or cardiovascular health.

Conclusion

In patients with symptomatic PAD, absolute and DW measures are related to functional capacity, but not cardiovascular function.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vascular Nursing
Early online date24 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Feb 2024

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