The effects of compression garment pressure on recovery from strenuous exercise

Jessica Hill, Glyn Howatson, Ken van Someren, David Gaze, Hayley Legg, Jack Lineham, Charles Pedlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Compression garments are frequently used to facilitate recovery from strenuous exercise.

Purpose:

To identify the effects of two different grades of compression garment on recovery indices following strenuous exercise.

Methods:

Forty five recreationally active participants (n=26 males and n=19 females) completed an eccentric exercise protocol consisting of 100 drop jumps. Following the exercise protocol participants were matched for body mass and randomly but equally assigned to either a high (HI) compression pressure group, a low (LOW) compression pressure group, or a sham ultrasound group (SHAM). Participants in the high (HI) and low (LOW) compression groups wore the garments for 72 h post-exercise; participants in the SHAM group received a single treatment of 10 minutes sham ultrasound. Measures of perceived muscle soreness, maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), counter movement jump height (CMJ), creatine kinase (CK), C-reactive protein (CRP) and myoglobin (Mb) were assessed before the exercise protocol and again at 1, 24, 48 and 72 h post exercise. Data were analysed using a repeated measures ANOVA.

Results:

Recovery of MVC and CMJ was significantly improved with the HI compression garment (p <0.05). A significant time by treatment interaction was also observed for jump height at 24 h post exercise (p <0.05). No significant differences were observed for parameters of soreness and plasma CK, CRP and Mb.

Conclusions:

The findings of this study indicate that the pressures exerted by a compression garment affect recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), with a higher pressure improving recovery of muscle function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1078-1084
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

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