The Effects of Low-Intensity Multimodal Proprioceptive Exercise on Cognitive Function in Older Adults

Spencer E. Boyle, Melissa A. Fothergill, John Metcalfe, Sarah Docherty, Crystal F. Haskell-Ramsay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Physical activity provides a number of physical and psychological benefits. Multimodal proprioceptive exercise represents a useful balance-based exercise with the potential to reduce falls in older adults. Previous research has also indicated cognitive benefits following multimodal proprioceptive exercise in young and older adults. This study aimed to assess cognition and mood following 2 types of physical activity (multimodal proprioception vs yoga) compared with control (classroom-based) in healthy older adults. Method: Nineteen older adults (Mage = 65, sex = 9 males) participated in this randomized controlled crossover trial. Participants completed a 20-minute multimodal proprioceptive exercise class, 20-minute yoga session, and 20-minute classroom-based control. Numeric working memory and mood were assessed before and immediately following each of the interventions. Results: The multimodal proprioceptive intervention significantly reduced numeric working memory reaction time versus the yoga (P = .043) and control (P = .023) group. There were no differences found for accuracy or mood. Conclusions: These results indicate that multimodal proprioceptive exercise is worthy of further investigation as an alternative mode of exercise alongside the more traditional aerobic and strength-based exercise for healthy older adults.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-7
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume18
Issue number1
Early online date1 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

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