The effects of moderate alterations in adrenergic activity on acute appetite regulation in obese women: A randomised crossover trial

Fotini Tsofliou, Yannis P. Pitsiladis, Jose Lara, Marios Hadjicharalambous, Ian A. Macdonald, Mike A. Wallace, Mike E. J. Lean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Previous evidence has demonstrated that serum leptin is correlated with appetite in combination with, but not without, modest exercise.Aim:The present experiments investigated the effects of exogenous adrenaline and α/β adrenoceptor blockade in combination with moderate exercise on serum leptin concentrations, appetite/satiety sensations and subsequent food intake in obese women.Methods:A total of 10 obese women ((mean ± SEM), age: 50 (1.9) years, body mass index 36 (4.1) kg/m2, waist 104.8 (4.1) cm) participated in two separate, double-blind randomised experimental trials. Experiment 1: moderate exercise after α/β adrenergic blocker (labetalol, 100 mg orally) versus moderate exercise plus placebo; experiment 2: adrenaline infusion for 20 minutes versus saline infusion. Appetite/satiety and biochemistry were measured at baseline, pre- and immediately post-intervention, then 1 hour post-intervention (i.e., before dinner). Food intake was assessed via ad libitum buffet-style dinner.Results:No differences were found in appetite/satiety, subsequent food intake or serum leptin in any of the studies (experiment 1 or experiment 2). In experiment 1, blood glucose was higher (p < 0.01) and plasma free fatty acids lower (p = 0.04) versus placebo. In experiment 2, plasma free fatty acids (p < 0.05) increased after adrenaline versus saline infusion.Conclusions:Neither inhibition of exercise-induced adrenergic activity by combined α/β adrenergic blockade nor moderate increases in adrenergic activity induced by intravenous adrenaline infusion affected acute appetite regulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-322
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition and Health
Volume26
Issue number4
Early online date30 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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