This paper tests the assumption that criminal enforcement reflects and promote ecological modernization in the United States between the years of 1988 and 2013 in the case of toxic releases. Data come from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Toxic Release Inventory. We discover little to no correlation between environmental enforcement and modernization; toxic releases are more likely to correspond to national and global trends in production. The rule of law does not reflect or promote environmental sustainability and suggest, instead, that enforcement efforts should be focused on reducing production as opposed to promoting deterrence as a way to ensure more sustainable production.
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2014|
|Event||14th Annual Conference of European Society of Criminology - Prague|
Duration: 1 Sept 2014 → …
|Conference||14th Annual Conference of European Society of Criminology|
|Period||1/09/14 → …|