The frontier of tungsten oxide nanostructures in electronic applications

Siqi Zhou, Zanhe Yang, Xiangyu Feng, Jiaxin Zuo, Nannan Wang*, Kunyapat Thummavichai*, Yanqiu Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Electrochromic (EC) glazing has garnered significant attention recently as a crucial solution for enhancing energy efficiency in future construction and automotive sectors. EC glazing could significantly reduce the energy usage of buildings compared to traditional blinds and glazing. Despite their commercial availability, several challenges remain, including issues with switching time, leakage of electrolytes, production costs, etc. Consequently, these areas demand more attention and further studies. Among inorganic-based EC materials, tungsten oxide nanostructures are essential due to its outstanding advantages such as low voltage demand, high coloration coefficient, large optical modulation range, and stability. This review will summarize the principal design and mechanism of EC device fabrication. It will highlight the current gaps in understanding the mechanism of EC theory, discuss the progress in material development for EC glazing, including various solutions for improving EC materials, and finally, introduce the latest advancements in photo-EC devices that integrate photovoltaic and EC technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109535
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
Issue number4
Early online date19 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2024

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