The Glu298Asp single nucleotide polymorphism in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene differentially effects the vascular response to acute consumption of fruit and vegetable puree-based drinks

Trevor George, Chutamat Niwat, Saran Waroonphan, Michael Gordon, Julie Lovegrove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scope Diets low in fruits and vegetables (FV) are responsible for 2.7 million deaths from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and certain cancers annually. Many FV and their juices contain flavonoids, some of which increase endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the eNOS gene, where thymine (T) replaces guanine (G) at position 894 predicting substitution of glutamate for aspartate at codon 298 (Glu298Asp), has been associated with increased CVD risk due to effects on nitric oxide synthesis and subsequently vascular reactivity. Individuals can be homozygous for guanine (GG), thymine (TT) or heterozygous (GT). Methods and results We investigated the effects of acute ingestion of a FV-puree-based-drink (FVPD) on vasodilation and antioxidant status in subjects retrospectively genotyped for this polymorphism. Healthy volunteers (n = 24; 11 GG, 11 GT, 2 TT) aged 30?70 were recruited to a randomized, controlled, crossover, acute study. We showed that acute consumption of 400 mL FVPD differentially affected individuals depending on their genotype. There was a significant genotype interaction for endothelium-dependent vasodilation measured by laser Doppler imaging with iontophoresis (P {\ensuremath{
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014-1024
JournalMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
Volume56
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012

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