BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The extent to which moderate intensity running or cycling impact subsequent maximal neuromuscular performance is unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of moderate intensity and volume running and cycling on maximal and explosive muscle strength. METHODS: Ten young physically active men were recruited and had their knee extension isometric peak torque, rate of torque development (RTD), and counter movement jump height measured at a baseline reference condition (REF) and after moderate intensity 30 min running (RUN) or cycling (CYC). Electromyographic activity of the quadriceps muscles was obtained during the isometric tests. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between conditions for isometric peak torque (p> 0.05), RTD (p> 0.05), countermovement jump (p> 0.05), and the electromyographic amplitude (p> 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present data indicate that maximal and explosive lower limb muscle strength is not compromised after 30 minutes of moderate intensity continuous exercise, independent of the mode of the exercise performed.