The Mirage and Reality of Special Education in Developing Countries

Joan Mwihaki Nyika, Fredrick Madaraka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The provision of education for all in an inclusive manner is spelt out in several international policies and in the sustainable and millennium development goals. The implementation in practice though remains a challenge in most developing countries where financial and human resource capacity is low. This chapter explores the expected developments in inclusive education defined by various international agreements and policies and compares them to the reality using several named case studies of developing countries. It is evident that many agreements are in place with good intentions to develop the educational sector in the regions. However, infrastructural challenges, limited personnel training, retrogressive cultural beliefs, inaccessibility to schools, and poor-quality education hinder the full realization of inclusive education for individuals with disabilities. In line with these challenges, this chapter proposes several recommendations to alleviate the highlighted challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Critical Issues in Special Education for School Rehabilitation Practices
EditorsAjay Singh, Chia Jung Yeh, Sheresa Blanchard, Luis Anunciação
Place of PublicationHershey, US
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781799876328
ISBN (Print)9781799876304
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Early Childhood and K-12 Education (AECKE)
PublisherIGI Global
ISSN (Print)2329-5929
ISSN (Electronic)2329-5937

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