Recent wave tank experiments on a flap-type wave energy converter showed the occurrence of extreme wave loads, corresponding to slamming events in highly energetic seas. In this paper, we analyse pressure-impulse values from available pressure measurements, for a series of experimental slamming tests. Then, we devise a pressure-impulse model of the slamming of a flapping plate, including the effects caused by air entrapment near the plate. Using a double conformal-mapping technique, we map the original domain into a semi-infinite channel, by means of Gauss’ hypergeometric functions. This allows us to express the pressure impulse as a superimposition of orthogonal eigenfunctions in the transformed space. The mathematical model is validated against the experimental data. Parametric analysis shows that the system is much more sensitive to the impact angle than to the initial wetted portion of the flap. Furthermore, the presence of an aerated region determines the pressure-impulse values to increase significantly at all points on the flap surface.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Fluids and Structures
|Early online date
|20 Jul 2018
|Published - 1 Oct 2018