The relationships between adverse childhood experience, intimate partner violence victimization, family support, and the challenges of re-entry: An examination of female inmates in Taiwan

Doris Chu*, Yu-Shu Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Background: Adverse childhood experience (ACE) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization may post more challenges for incarcerated women’s re-entry. Studies reveal that family support is critical to successful re-entry for formerly incarcerated individuals. Nevertheless, few studies have simultaneously examined the linkage between ACE, IPV victimization, family support, and perceived challenges of re-entry among female inmates.

Objective: To bridge the gap in the literature, we examined the relationships between ACE, IPV victimization, family support during incarceration, and perceived challenges of re-entry. We also assessed whether family support mediates the relationship between ACE, IPV victimization and perceived challenges of re-entry.

Methods: Data were analyzed based on surveys conducted with 686 incarcerated women in several female prisons in Taiwan. Structural equation modeling was employed in the current study.

Results: It was found that individuals who experienced childhood maltreatment and IPV victimization were less likely to perceive instrumental and emotional support provided by their family, which poses more challenges for their re-entry.

Conclusions: Early interventions and promotion of family connection may help female inmates tackle the challenges of re-entry.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th CIFA Regional Symposium 2021: Family First
Subtitle of host publicationSupporting Asian Families in the Era of Inclusive Growth
Place of PublicationHong Kong
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event6th Regional Symposium of the Consortium of Institutes on Family in the Asian Region (CIFA) - Virtual
Duration: 10 Jun 202111 Jun 2021


Conference6th Regional Symposium of the Consortium of Institutes on Family in the Asian Region (CIFA)

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