The repeatability of the abbreviated (4‑h) Oral Fat Tolerance Test and influence of prior acute aerobic exercise

Alasdair O'Doherty, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Alan Rigby, Lee Ingle, Sean Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

PURPOSE: The Oral Fat Tolerance Test (OFTT) is regarded as a repeatable measure used to assess postprandial triglyceride (TAG) levels, with higher levels observed in cardio-metabolic disorders. Acute aerobic exercise intervention before OFTT reduces the TAG response, but the repeatability of this effect is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the repeatability of the abbreviated 4-h OFTT with and without immediate prior aerobic exercise. METHODS: On four separate days, healthy adult male participants underwent two 4-h OFTT (n = 10) and another two 4-h OFTT with 1-h of standardised moderate intensity aerobic exercise performed immediately before meal ingestion (n = 11). The OFTT meal composition included 75.4 g total fat, 21.7 g carbohydrate and 13.7 g protein. Venous blood was sampled at baseline and hourly up to 4 h after the OFTT meal ingestion, and TAG area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. RESULTS: Nonparametric Bland-Altman analysis of 4-h TAG AUC revealed that 9 of 10 repeat measurements fell within ±15 % of the median TAG AUC for the OFTT. By contrast, two of 11 repeat measurements fell within ±15 % of the median TAG AUC for the OFTT undertaken with 1-h prior aerobic exercise. CONCLUSIONS: The 4-h OFTT is a repeatable test of postprandial TAG responses in healthy men. However, aerobic exercise performed immediately before OFTT considerably increases the variability of TAG AUC. These findings have implications for interpretation of research studies investigating exercise intervention performed immediately before OFTT. Future studies should also investigate the repeatability of exercise performed 8-24 h before OFTT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-318
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume57
Issue number1
Early online date14 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

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