From 2017 to 2020, three significant calving events took place on Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica. Ice-shelf velocities changed over this period and the calving events have been suggested as possible drivers. However, satellite observations also show significant changes in the areal extent of fracture zones, especially in the marginal areas responsible for providing lateral support to the ice shelf. Here we conduct a model study to identify and quantify drivers of recent ice-flow changes of the Pine Island Ice Shelf. In agreement with recent studies, we find that the calving events caused significant velocity changes over the ice shelf. However, calving alone cannot explain observed velocity changes. Changes in the structural rigidity, i.e., ice damage, further significantly impacted ice flow. We suggest that ice damage evolution of the ice shelf margins may have influenced recent calving events, and these two processes are linked.
|Journal||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 17 Nov 2022|