The use of video-modelling as a method for improving the social play skills of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their playmates

Sarah Wilkes-Gillan*, Alycia Cantrill, Reinie Cordier, Gabrielle Barnes, Nicola Hancock, Anita Bundy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction We investigated child outcomes and mothers' perspectives following technology-based intervention sessions aimed at improving children's social play skills. Method Participants in this multiple case study included five children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, their mothers and five typically developing playmates, who had completed a parent-delivered play-based intervention 18 months previously. The initial intervention included the use of a technology-based interactive DVD at home and clinic-based sessions involving video-modelling. In this study, children received two additional technology-based clinic sessions involving video-modelling. Children's social play skills were measured pre- to post-intervention using the Test of Playfulness. Trends in scores were descriptively analysed by case. Mothers' perspectives were explored through semi-structured interviews; data were descriptively analysed by group and case. Results Two children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder showed an increase in their social play skills, and three a decrease in skills. Of the playmates, three showed consistent social play skills, one an increase and one a decrease. Qualitative findings suggest parents felt better able to support their child. Parents also suggested next steps for the intervention were necessary as their child continued to develop. Conclusion Additional intervention support using technology after initial intervention may need to be adapted to different developmental stages and for use across different contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-207
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume80
Issue number4
Early online date1 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

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