This study implies experimental investigation for optimization of heat transfer in electronic integrated circuits using close packed phase change materials (PCMs) filled pin-fin heat sinks. The aim of this study is to find the most efficient pin-fin configuration filled with optimum PCM to extend the operating range of electronic circuits. The experimental methodology is based upon variation of pin-fin configurations in rectangular, round and triangular cross-sections. Each configuration is allowed a pin-fin volumetric percentage of 9%. For analysis using PCM a volume fraction of 90% is maintained and six PCMs with different thermo-physical properties (varying melting temperatures, latent heats and heat capacities) are selected. These include paraffin wax, RT-54, RT-44, RT-35HC, SP-31 and n-eicosane. Moreover, the power levels mimicking heat input range between 5 W and 8 W. The resulting information is analyzed for the performance of a heat sink with and without PCM. Besides that, PCM ascendency is manipulated in terms of operational time, enhancement ratios, Stefan number and storage ratio. The outcomes suggest that triangular pin-fins are found to be the most effective pin-fin configuration for heat transfer both with and without PCM.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Early online date||20 Mar 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2018|