Tissue distribution and health risk of trace elements in East Asian finless porpoises

Jiashen Tian, Zhiwei Gan, Edmond Sanganyado, Zhichuang Lu, Jinhao Wu, Jiabo Han, Wenhua Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the tissue distribution, trophic transfer, and ecological risk of 13 trace elements in 26 East Asian finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri), an endangered species found in the Liaodong Bay and the north Yellow Sea. All the investigated trace elements were detected in the tissue and food web of the East Asian finless porpoises. The concentrations of the potentially toxic elements were 2.37 × 10−5 – 754 mg kg−1 dry weight (dw) in stranded porpoises and 0.01–159 mg kg−1 dw in their food web. Tissue-specific distribution of the trace elements generally ranked as: liver > kidney > heart > lung > muscle. Zn was the dominant contaminant in the five investigated tissues. Significant positive correlations were found between body length or age and some trace elements, especially Cd. Adults (≥2 years old) presented higher concentrations of most of the trace elements than juveniles (<2 years old). Sex-dependent distribution of the trace elements was insignificant except for Mn, Ni, and Zn in muscle and renal tissue. As, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and V biodiluted across the East Asian finless porpoise food web while Zn biomagnified. However, Hg, Cd, Co, Cr, Se, and Sn did not exhibit apparent trophic transfer trends. Overall, ecological risk assessment of trace elements in East Asian finless porpoises suggested that greater attention should be given to Hg, As, Cd, and Se.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118007
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume290
Early online date27 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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