Towards Cyber Security for Low-Carbon Transportation: Overview, Challenges and Future Directions

Yue Cao, Sifan Li, Chenchen Lv, Di Wang*, Hongjian Sun, Jing Jiang, Fanlin Meng, Lexi Xu, Xinzhou Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, low-carbon transportation has become an indispensable part as sustainable development strategies of various countries, and plays a very important responsibility in promoting low-carbon cities. However, the security of low-carbon transportation has been threatened from various ways. For example, denial of service attacks pose a great threat to the electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid networks. To minimize these threats, several methods have been proposed to defense against them. Yet, these methods are only for certain types of scenarios or attacks. Therefore, this review addresses security aspect from holistic view, provides the overview, challenges and future directions of cyber security technologies in low-carbon transportation. Firstly, based on the concept and importance of low-carbon transportation, this review positions the low-carbon transportation services. Then, with the perspective of network architecture and communication mode, this review classifies its typical attack risks. The corresponding defense technologies and relevant security suggestions are further reviewed from perspective of data security, network management security and network application security. Finally, in view of the long term development of low-carbon transportation, future research directions have been concerned.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113401
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date19 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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