Transcranial direct current stimulation for balance rehabilitation in neurological disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Victor Spiandor Beretta, Paulo Cezar Rocha Santos, Diego Orcioli-Silva, Vinicius Cavassano Zampier, Rodrigo Vitório, Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Postural instability is common in neurological diseases. Although transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) seems to be a promising complementary therapy, emerging evidence indicates mixed results and protocols’ characteristics. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis, on PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science, to synthesize key findings of the effectiveness of single and multiple sessions of tDCS alone and combined with other interventions on balance in adults with neurological disorders. Thirty-seven studies were included in the systematic review and 33 in the meta-analysis. The reviewed studies did not personalize the stimulation protocol to individual needs/characteristics. A random-effects meta-analysis indicated that tDCS alone (SMD = -0.44; 95%CI = -0.69/-0.19; p
Original languageEnglish
Article number101736
JournalAgeing Research Reviews
Early online date16 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Sep 2022

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