Transcriptome analysis shows activation of circulating CD8+ T cells in patients with severe asthma.

Eleni Tsitsiou, Andrew Evan Williams, Sterghios Moschos, Ketan Patel, Christos Rossios, Xiaoying Jiang, Oona-Delpuech Adams, Patricia Macedo, Richard Booton, David Gibeon, Kian Fan Chung, Mark Lindsay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Although previous studies have implicated tissue CD4(+) T cells in the development and maintenance of the inflammatory response in asthmatic patients, little is known about the role of CD8(+) T cells. There is now accumulating evidence that microRNAs and other noncoding RNAs are important regulators of T-cell function. OBJECTIVES We sought to use transcriptomics to determine the activation state of circulating CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in patients with nonsevere and severe asthma. METHODS mRNA and noncoding RNA expression in circulating T cells was measured by means of microarray, quantitative real-time PCR, or both. RESULTS Comparison of mRNA expression showed widespread changes in the circulating CD8(+) but not CD4(+) T cells from patients with severe asthma. No changes were observed in the CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in patients with nonsevere asthma versus those in healthy control subjects. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the changes in CD8(+) T-cell mRNA expression were associated with multiple pathways involved in T-cell activation. As with mRNAs, we also observed widespread changes in expression of noncoding RNA species, including natural antisense, pseudogenes, intronic long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and intergenic lncRNAs in CD8(+) T cells from patients with severe asthma. Measurement of the microRNA expression profile showed selective downregulation of miR-28-5p in CD8(+) T cells and reduction of miR-146a and miR-146b in both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. CONCLUSIONS Severe asthma is associated with the activation of circulating CD8(+) T cells but not CD4(+) T cells. This response is correlated with the downregulation of miR-146a/b and miR-28-5p, as well as changes in the expression of multiple species of lncRNA that might regulate CD8(+) T-cell function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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