A highly reversible zinc anode is crucial for the commercialization of zinc-ion batteries. However, the change in the microstructure of the electric double layer originated from the dynamic change in charge density on the electrode greatly impacts anode reversibility during charge/discharge, which is rarely considered in previous research. Herein, the zwitterion additive is employed to create an adaptive interface by coupling the transient zwitterion dynamics upon the change of interfacial charge density. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations suggest the molecular orientation and adsorption groups of zwitterions will be determined by the charging state of the electrode. ZnSO4 electrolyte with zwitterion fulfills a highly reversible Zn anode with an average Coulombic efficiency of up to 99.85%. Zn/Zn symmetric cells achieve greatly enhanced cycling stability for 700 h with extremely small voltage hysteresis of 29 mV under 5 mA cm−2 with 5 mAh cm−2. This study validates the adaptive interface based on transient dynamics of zwitterions, which sheds new light on developing highly reversible metal anodes with a high utilization rate.