Transplant recipients’ motivational orientation towards sport participation and physical activity enjoyment at the 2019 World Transplant Games in Newcastle-Gateshead UK

Julius Jooste*, Daniel Rogerson, Mitchell Hogg, Scott Houghton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issuepeer-review

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Abstract

This study adopted a descriptive correlational design to identify organ transplant athletes’ motivational behaviour and level of physical activity enjoyment during the 2019 World Transplant Games. The causal relationship between motivational behaviour and enjoyment was also determined. Data was collected through questionnaires during the event that tapped participants’ demographic information and responses to the Task and Ego Orientation Questionnaire, Sport Motivation Scale-2 and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale. Descriptive statistics revealed that transplant athletes (n = 119; Mage = 52.92 years, SD = 13.51) find sport mostly enjoyable whilst holding a strong task-oriented approach towards sport participation with high approximations of intrinsic, integrated and identified motivation. Male and female athletes also shared a relatively similar motivational profile with male athletes reporting significantly higher levels of sport enjoyment compared to their female counterparts. Inferential statistics further revealed significant associations between most dimensions of motivation and level of enjoyment, of which gender and certain aspects of motivation were exposed as significant predictors of athletes’ reported enjoyment in sport. It is advised that autonomous regulatory behaviours be garnered in transplant recipients looking to start/continue sport participation as it proved to be prime correlates and determinants of enjoyment in sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S481-S494
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Human Sport and Exercise
Volume15
Issue numberProc 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2020
EventSpring Conferences of Sports Science: Costa Blanca Sports Science Events - Villa Universitaria, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Duration: 19 Jun 202020 Jun 2020
https://costablancasportscience.aearedo.es/en/spring-event

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