Turbulence mitigation in a 28 GHz radio-over-free-space optics link using an integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a diversity combining receiver

Dong Nhat Nguyen*, Jan Bohata, Stanislav Zvanovec, Lim Nguyen, Zabih Ghassemlooy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The authors propose an integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer and diversity combining receiver to mitigate the atmospheric turbulence-induced fading in a millimetre-wave (mmW) radio-over-free-space optics (RoFSO) link. They use a carrier frequency of 28 GHz as recommended for the fifth-generation wireless access networks and consider two optical mmW signal generation schemes, namely double-sideband (DSB) and single-sideband (SSB). In direct detection (DD)-based RoFSO, the link performance is limited by atmospheric turbulence. They show that the proposed Rx can overcome this detrimental effect, which is verified by investigation of a 10 Gb/s 16-quadrature amplitude modulation orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexing signal at 28 GHz over a 1 km free-space optics link under weak and strong turbulence regimes. For the DSB scenario, the proposed Rx offers improved error vector magnitudes of about 0.8 and 5.7%, and modulation error ratios of 1.3 and 4.9 dB under weak and strong turbulence regimes, respectively, compared with the DD receiver (DD Rx). For the SSB scenario under weak turbulence, the proposed Rx achieves a 4 dB improvement in the receiver sensitivity and four orders of magnitude enhancement in the bit error rate over the DD Rx. The proposed Rx can be integrated on a single chip for further cost reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3373-3379
Number of pages7
JournalIET Communications
Volume14
Issue number19
Early online date9 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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