Two-dimensional reductions of the KP-Whitham system, namely the overdetermined Whitham modulation system for five dependent variables that describe the periodic solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation, are studied and characterized. Three different reductions are considered corresponding to modulations that are independent of x , independent of y , and of t (i.e., stationary), respectively. Each of these reductions still describes dynamic, two-dimensional spatial configurations since the modulated cnoidal wave generically has a nonzero speed and a nonzero slope in the x y plane. In all three of these reductions, the properties of the resulting systems of equations are studied. It is shown that the resulting reduced system is not integrable unless one enforces the compatibility of the system with all conservation of waves equations (or considers a reduction to the harmonic or soliton limit). In all cases, compatibility with conservation of waves yields a reduction in the number of dependent variables to two, three and four, respectively. As a byproduct of the stationary case, the Whitham modulation system for the Boussinesq equation is also explicitly obtained.