Steve Hall, Simon Winlow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-realism is one of the first new western criminological paradigms to emerge in the 21st century. It offers a unique perspective on contemporary subjectivity in its socioeconomic context (see Hall and Winlow, 2015; Ellis, 2015; Raymen, 2015; Smith and Raymen, 2016; Wakeman, 2017). Ultra-realists argue that criminology must return to its fundamental question: why do some individuals and groups risk harm to others as they pursue their instrumental and expressive interests rather than seek solidarity with one another? To answer this question, ultra-realism seeks to conceptualise subjectivity in ways that move beyond existing assumptions of innate selfishness, repressed goodness, social learning, flexible socio-linguistic construction or ideology as positive hegemony.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Critical Criminology
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781317221838
ISBN (Print)9781138656192
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


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