Ultra-sensitive fiber optic temperature sensor based on Vernier effect in cascading Sagnac loops integrated with PMFs

Yu Zhang, Qiang Liu*, Tian-Shuai Xu, Qiang Wu, Yongqing Fu, Wai Pang Ng, Richard Binns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An ultra-sensitive temperature sensor was proposed and demonstrated by inserting polarization maintaing fibers (PMFs) into cascading Sagnac fiber loops. Effect of the length of PMFs in an individual Sagnac loop on the temperature sensitivity of the sensor was firstly studied. As the PMF length reduces, the sensitivity increases. In the PMFs cascade Sagnac loops, the closer the lengths of the two sections of PMFs embedded in the Sagnac loops, the wider the free spectral range, resulting stronger Vernier effect and thus higher sensitivity. The temperature sensitivity of the cascade Sagnac loops is ∼ -44.28 nm/°C, a 27-fold increase than that of an individual Sagnac loop (∼-1.64 nm/°C). This newly developed temperature sensor has the merits of simple structure, high sensitivity and easy operation, and good competitiveness in the sensing field.
Original languageEnglish
Article number130728
JournalOptics Communications
Early online date25 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2024

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