In this paper, a fusion of K models of full-rank weighted nonnegative tensor factor two-dimensional deconvolution (K-wNTF2D) is proposed to separate the acoustic sources that have been mixed in an underdetermined reverberant environment. The model is adapted in an unsupervised manner under the hybrid framework of the generalized expectation maximization and multiplicative update algorithms. The derivation of the algorithm and the development of proposed full-rank K-wNTF2D will be shown. The algorithm also encodes a set of variable sparsity parameters derived from Gibbs distribution into the K-wNTF2D model. This optimizes each sub-model in K-wNTF2D with the required sparsity to model the time-varying variances of the sources in the spectrogram. In addition, an initialization method is proposed to initialize the parameters in the K-wNTF2D. Experimental results on the underdetermined reverberant mixing environment have shown that the proposed algorithm is effective at separating the mixture with an average signal-to-distortion ratio of 3 dB.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of the Acoustical Society of America|
|Early online date||2 Dec 2015|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2015|