“Upskirting,” Homosociality, and Craftmanship: A Thematic Analysis of Perpetrator and Viewer Interactions

Matthew Hall*, Jeff Hearn, Ruth Lewis

*Corresponding author for this work

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“Upskirting” is the action or practice of surreptitiously taking photographs or videos up a female’s skirt or dress. In the United Kingdom, it is an offense. However, internationally, laws are uneven. Understanding how perpetrators account for their actions becomes an important question. Here, we present the findings of our thematic analysis of posts on the “upskirting” website, The Candid Zone. Our analysis shows that posters and respondents frame this activity as artistic and technical, providing each other with advice and guidance on where and how to get the “best” shots. We conceptualize this form of abuse as homosociality and craftsmanship.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107780122110089
Pages (from-to)532-550
Number of pages19
JournalViolence Against Women
Issue number2
Early online date5 May 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 May 2021


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