Urban form as a driver for inclusivity in public open spaces: A case from Glasgow

Preeti Pansare, Ashraf M. Salama*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This paper argues for inclusivity as a critical factor for designing and examining public open spaces (POS). Understanding inclusivity in urban environments has been limited to physical accessibility for many decades. The United Nations report (UN2030) emphasizes eradicating social exclusion and making societies more cohesive through social integration and social inclusion. This study con-siders inclusivity as a value attached to public open space (POS). An inclusive public open space is one where the needs of every single individual are recognized and respected affording them a positive experience regardless of their back-ground. Nonetheless, no comprehensive understanding of how urban form affects inclusivity has been undertaken for POS beyond accessibility. Using a selection of public open spaces in Glasgow, Scotland, a walking tour assessment procedure is utilized as an observation tool to quantify a set of indicators associated with urban form and inclusivity. A further Likert Scale is implemented to examine the reciprocal relationship between the user and the space, the activities, and the sense of positive experience. The paper draws conclusions on the possibility of developing an index that examines human behavior in relation to urban form while embedding inclusivity as a key parameter for research and design.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDesign for Inclusivity
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the UIA World Congress of Architects Copenhagen 2023
EditorsMagda Mostafa, Ruth Baumeister, Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen, Martin Tamke
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
ISBN (Electronic)9783031363023
ISBN (Print)9783031363047, 9783031363016
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2023
EventUIA World Congress of Architects 2023 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2 Jul 20236 Jul 2023

Publication series

NameSustainable Development Goals Series
ISSN (Print)2523-3084
ISSN (Electronic)2523-3092


ConferenceUIA World Congress of Architects 2023
Internet address

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