Validity of various portable devices to measure sit-to-stand velocity and power in older adults

Sam Orange, James W. Metcalfe, Andreas Liefeith, Alastair Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Movement velocity and power in a single STS are related to functional performance in older adults. Identifying accessible tools that provide valid measures of STS velocity/power would allow practitioners to evaluate physical function in clinical settings where time, space and finances are limited. Research question: Does a linear position transducer (LPT), iPhone application (App), and inertial measurement unit (IMU) obtain valid measurements of velocity and power during a single STS compared with 3D motion capture? Methods: Twenty-seven community-dwelling older adults aged ≥60 years completed a single STS test with mean velocity and power simultaneously measured with 3D motion capture, an LPT, IMU and App. Acceptable validity was established if the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was very high (≥0.7) and bias as a standardised effect size (ES) was small (<0.6). The relationship between STS velocity/power and 30-s chair STS performance was also evaluated. Results: Measures of STS velocity obtained by the LPT (r = 0.94, ES =-0.21) and App (r = 0.89, ES =-0.19) were very highly valid when compared to 3D motion capture, and were very strongly related to 30-s STS performance (r ≥0.74). The LPT (r = 0.87, ES = 0.13) and App (r = 0.74, ES =-0.12) also showed very high correlations and negligible bias for measuring STS power. Data collected by the IMU failed to meet our predetermined threshold of acceptable validity for STS velocity (r = 0.72, ES = 1.00) or power (r = 0.61, ES = 0.34). Significance: The LPT and iPhone App, but not the IMU, are valid tools for measuring STS velocity and power in community-dwelling older adults. Clinicians can use STS velocity obtained by either the LPT or App as a simple and valid proxy for functional status, which could help identify patients at high-risk of incident disability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-414
Number of pages6
JournalGait and Posture
Early online date12 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


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