In this Letter, we propose a new configuration for visible light communication systems, which results in doubling of the data rate due to the use of polarization division multiplexing. As light-emitting diodes are unpolarized incoherent light sources, we isolate both the perpendicular s and parallel p modes for independent modulation. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we show that it is possible to transmit and successfully recover two separate orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals on each polarization (pol-OFDM). Furthermore, we compare the performance of the pol-OFDM system with the transmission of a single conventional OFDM signal without a polarizer over the same physical link. We show that similar bit error rates can be achieved while obtaining ∼45% improvement in both the data rate and spectral efficiency due to polarization multiplexing.