Wake and power prediction of horizontal-axis wind farm under yaw-controlled conditions with machine learning

Mahdi Erfanian Nakhchi*, Shine Win Naung, Mohammad Rahmati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
46 Downloads (Pure)


The main objective of this study is to employ the Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) machine learning algorithm to predict the power, wake, and turbulent characteristics of horizontal-axis wind farms under yaw-controlled conditions. For this purpose, a series of high-fidelity numerical simulations using LES method are performed over tandem NREL-5 MW wind turbines to generate the input data for training and testing in machine learning analysis. It is observed that XGBoost is more accurate for wake prediction of the yaw-controlled wind farms compared to ANN, which was used in previous studies. The results illustrate that XGBoost can predict the power with a mean deviation of 0.94 % for different yaw angles, while ANN can estimate the power generation with a mean deviation of 2.15 % for various tested yaw angles. At far wake regions (X > 2000 m) of the second wind turbine, the deviations reach below 1 %. Moreover, XGBoost requires a much shorter training time, 87.5 % faster than ANN. The power production of both wind turbines can be predicted more accurately with XGBoost compared to ANN. The wake prediction time of XGBoost is just 0.105 sec, while this time is 4.480 for the ANN model. In conclusion, XGBoost provides a significant reduction in error and training time compared to ANN and deep learning algorithms over yaw-misaligned wind farms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number117708
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Early online date30 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2023

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