What drives decayless kink oscillations in active-region coronal loops on the Sun?

Sudip Mandal, Lakshmi Pradeep Chitta, Patrick Antolin, Hardi Peter, Sami K. Solanki, Frédéric Auchère, David Berghmans, Andrei N. Zhukov, Luca Teriaca, Regina A. Cuadrado, Udo Schühle, Susanna Parenti, Éric Buchlin, Louise Harra, Cis Verbeeck, Emil Kraaikamp, David M. Long, Luciano Rodriguez, Gabriel Pelouze, Conrad SchwanitzKrzysztof Barczynski, Phil J. Smith

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Here, we present a study of the phenomena of decayless kink oscillations in a system of active-region (AR) coronal loops. Using high-resolution observations from two different instruments, namely the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on board Solar Orbiter and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we follow these AR loops for an hour each on three consecutive days. Our results show significantly more resolved decayless waves in the higher resolution EUI data compared with the AIA data. Furthermore, the same system of loops exhibits many of these decayless oscillations on Day 2, while we detect very few oscillations on Day 3, and find none at all on Day 1. Analysis of photospheric magnetic field data reveals that, most of the time, these loops were rooted in sunspots, where supergranular flows are generally absent. This suggests that supergranular flows, which are often invoked as drivers of decayless waves, are not necessarily driving such oscillations in our observations. Similarly, our findings also cast doubt on other possible drivers of these waves, such as a transient driver or mode conversion of longitudinal waves near the loop footpoints. In conclusion, our analysis suggests that none of the commonly suspected sources proposed to drive decayless oscillations in active-region loops seem to be operating in this event, and therefore the search for that elusive wave driver needs to continue.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL2
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sept 2022


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