Yttrium Oxide Nanoclusters Boosted Fe-N4 and Fe4N Electrocatalyst for future Zinc-air Battery

Ren Luo, Rui Wang, Yi Cheng*, Zihan Meng, Yuan Wang, Zhanhu Guo, Ben Bin Xu*, Yannan Xia, Haolin Tang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Atomically distributed transition metal coordinated with nitrogen has been considered as a class of promising oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst. However, the challenge of ineffective distribution of Fe-Nx active sites have been long existing, leading to low active site density and unstable performance, which needs be overcome for next generation ORR electrocatalysts. Herein, we introduce yttrium (Y) into atomically dispersed iron (Fe) nitrogen co-doped carbon materials to integrate nanoparticles, nanoclusters and atomic sites, which endow the Fe-N4-Y2O3 and Fe4N0.94-Y2O3 (FeY-NC) with outstanding ORR activity. The FeY-NC achieve half-wave potential of 0.926 V and 0.809 V in alkaline and acidic condition, respectively. The kinetics current density at 0.9 V in alkaline condition is 31.2 mA cm-2, which is 7.8 times of Fe-NC and 32.4 times of Pt/C. This outstanding activity of FeY-NC is enabled by the generated atomic FeN4 and Fe4N nanoparticles dual active-sites, and further the synergistic effect between the Fe-Nx/Fe4N0.94 with Y2O3 nanoclusters loaded on nitrogen-doped carbon (NC) network.The superior performance of FeY-NC has been demonstrated in a primary Zinc-air battery, deliver a peak power density of 233 mW cm-2.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Nov 2023

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